Active Research in the Department of Psychology
Our department specializes in health-related research that spans health psychology, pediatric health psychology, behavioral neuroscience, neuropsychology, and the social psychology of health.
Current active research interests of our faculty include medically unexplained symptoms, psychosocial oncology, behavioral neuroscience, attention & emotion, cognitive neuroscience of affect, transgenic & gene-knockout models of Alzheimer's Disease, measurement of patient outcomes in psychotherapy, models of and treatment for nicotine addiction, patient progress feedback to therapists, linguistic markers of psychological processes in therapy, and statistical methodology.
Selected Faculty Research Publications
Arechiga, A. “Ch. 11 Facilitating Health Behavior Change,” in 5th Ed. Behavior and Medicine – Stuber, M, & Wedding, D. Eds. (2010). Hogrefe & Huber, USA.
Arechiga, A. “Ch. 11 Facilitating Health Behavior Change,” in 4th Ed. Behavior and Medicine – Stuber, M, & Wedding, D. Eds. (2006). Hogrefe & Huber, USA.
Galbraith, M., Arechiga, A., Ramirez, J., and Pedro, L. (2005). Prostate cancer survivors’ and partners’ self-reports of health-related quality of life, treatment of symptoms, and marital satisfaction 2.5 – 3.5 years after treatment. Oncology Nursing Forum, March 5; 32(2): E30-41.
Flynn, P.M., Betancourt, H., & Ormseth, S.R. (2011). Culture, emotion, and cancer screening: An integrative framework for investigating health behavior. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 42, 79-90.
Betancourt, H., Flynn, P.M., & Ormseth, S. (2011). Healthcare mistreatment and continuity of cancer screening among Latino and Anglo American women in Southern California. Women & Health, 51, 1, 1-24.
Koneru, V., Weisman de Mamani, A., Flynn, P., Betancourt, H. (2007). Acculturation and mental health: Current findings and recommendations for future research. Applied and Preventive Psychology, 12, 76-96.
Betancourt, H., & Flynn, P. (2009). The psychology of health: Physical health and the role of culture and behavior. In Azmitia, M., Cabrera, N., Carlo, G., Chahin, J., Contreras-Grau, J., & Villarruel, F., (Eds.). Handbook of Latino Psychology, Sage.
Betancourt, H., Flynn, P.M., Riggs, M., & Garberoglio, C. (2010). A cultural research approach to instrument development: The case of breast and cervical cancer screening among Latino and Anglo women. Health Education Research, 25, 6, 991-1007.
Boyd, K. C. (2011). Factor analysis. In M. Stausberg & S. Engler (Eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Research Methods in the Study of Religion. New York: Routledge.
Boyd, K. C. (2011). For as he thinketh in his heart, so is he: Seventh-day Adventists with maladaptive beliefs and compensatory strategies in psychotherapy. In C. Feyard, B. C. Hernandez, B. Anderson, & G. Harding IV (Eds.), A Christian Worldview and Mental Health: Adventist Perspectives. Berrien Springs, MI: Andrews University Press.
Dhillon, K., & Boyd, K. C. (2010). The Effect of War Stressors and Life Events on Gulf War Veterans with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Symptoms. Military Psychology, 22, 87-97.
Haerich, P., Eggers, C., & Pecaut, M. J. (2012). Investigation of the effects of head irradiation with gamma rays and protons on startle and pre-pulse inhibition behavior in mice. Radiation Research, 177(4), 685-692. doi: 10.1667/RR2712.1.
Fugère, M. A., Escoto, C., Cousins, A. J., Riggs, M. L., & Haerich, P. (2008). Sexual attitudes and double standards: A literature review focusing on participant gender and ethnic background. Sexuality & Culture: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly, 12(3), 169-182.
Pearlstein, R. D., Whitten, C., & Haerich, P. (2006). Assessing neurocognitive dysfunction in cranial radiotherapy: Can cognitive event-related potentials help? Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment, 5(2), 109-126.
Gill, M., Haerich, P., Westcott, K., Godenick, K., Tucker, J. (2006). Cognitive performance following modafinil versus placebo in sleep-deprived emergency physicians: a double-blind, randomized, crossover study. Academic Emergency Medicine, 13(2), 158-165.
Haerich, P., Nelson, G, A., & Pecaut, M. J. (2005). HZE radiation and dopaminergic modification of startle and prepulse inhibition in mice. Physiology & Behavior, 86(1-2), 103-110.
Cohen-Maitre, S. A. & Haerich, P. (2005). Visual attention to movement and color in children with cortical visual impairment. Journal of Visual Impairment and Blindness, 99(7), 389-402.
Chen, W., Ma, Q., Suzuki, H., Hartman, R., Tang, J., & Zhang, J. (2011). Osteopontin reduced hypoxia-ischemia neonatal brain injury by suppression of apoptosis in a rat pup model. Stroke, 42(3), 764-769.
Lekic, T., Rolland, W., Hartman, R., Kamper, J., Suzuki, H., & Tang, J. (2011). Characterization of the brain injury, neurobehavioral profiles and histopathology in a rat model of cerebellar hemorrhage. Experimental Neurology 227, 96-103.
Obenaus, A., Dilmac, N., Tone, B., Tian, H.R., Hartman, R.E., Digicaylioglu, M., Snyder, E.Y., & Ashwal, S. (2011). Long-term magnetic resonance imaging of stem cells in neonatal ischemic injury. Annals of Neurology, 69(2), 282-291.
Lekic, T., Hartman, R.E., Rojas, H., Manaenko, A., Chen, W., Ayer, R., Tang, J., & Zhang, J.H. (2010). Protective effect of melatonin upon neuropathology, striatal function, and memory ability after intracerebral hemorrhage in rats. Journal of Neurotrauma, 27(3), 627-37.
Hartman, R.E. (2009). Actions of bioactive phytochemicals in cell function and Alzheimer's disease pathology. L. Packer, H. Sies, M. Eggersdorfer & E. Cadenas, editors. Micronutrients and Brain Health. Oxygen Club of California, 225-241.
Chen, W., Hartman, R.E., Ayer, R., Marcantonio, S., Kamper, J., Tang, J., Zhang, J. (2009). Matrix metalloproteinases inhibition provides neuroprotection against hypoxia-ischemia in the developing brain. Journal of Neurochemistry, 111(3), 726-36.
Hartman, R.E., Lekic, T., Rojas, H., Tang, J., & Zhang, J.H. (2009). Assessing functional outcomes following intracerebral hemorrhage in rats. Brain Research, 1280, 148-157.
Recker, R., Adami, A., Tone, B., Tian, H.R., Lalas, S., Hartman, R.E., Obenaus, A., & Ashwal, S. (2009). Rodent neonatal bilateral carotid artery occlusion with hypoxia mimics human hypoxic-ischemic injury. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism, 29 (7), 1305-1316.
Hartman, R.E. (2008). Brain Injury as a Risk Factor for Alzheimer’s Disease: Therapeutic Implications. J.H. Zhang, editor. Advancements in Neurological Research (Ch 6). Research Signpost, 141-177.
Hartman, R.E., Rojas, H.A., Lekic, T., Ayer, R,, Lee, S., Jadhav, V., Titova, E., Tang, J., Zhang, J.H. (2008). Long-term effects of melatonin after intracerebral hemorrhage in rats. Acta Neurochirurgica Suppl. 2008,105, 99-100.
Hartman, R.E., Rojas, H., Tang, J., Zhang, J. (2008). Long-term behavioral characterization of a rat model of intracerebral hemorrhage. Acta Neurochirurgica Suppl. 2008,105, 125-126.
Ashwal, S., Obenaus, A., Hartman, R.E., Tone, B., Wang, A., Tian, H.R., Dilmac, N., Digicaylioglu, M., Snyder, E. (2007). Neural stem cell treatment for neonatal hypoxic ischemic injury in the 10-day rat pup. Annals of Neurology, 62, S106.
Hartman, R.E., Shah, A., Fagan, A.M., Schwetye, K.E., Parsadanian, M., Schulman, R.N., Finn, M.B., & Holtzman, D.M. (2006). Pomegranate juice decreases amyloid load and improves behavior in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. Neurobiology of Disease, 24, 506-515.
Hartman, R.E., Izumi, Y., Bales, K.R., Paul, S.M., Wozniak, D.F., Holtzman, D.M. (2005). Treatment with an amyloid-ß antibody ameliorates plaque load, learning deficits and hippocampal LTP in a mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Neuroscience, 25(26), 6213-6220.
Hartman, R.E., Lee, J.M., Zipfel, G.J., & Wozniak, D.F. (2005). Characterizing learning deficits and hippocampal neuronal loss following transient global cerebral ischemia in rats. Brain Research, 1043, 48-56.
Izumi, Y., Kitabayashi, R., Funatsu, M., Izumi, M., Yuede, C., Hartman, R.E., Wozniak, D.F., & Zorumski, C. (2005). A single day of ethanol exposure during development has persistent effects on bi-directional plasticity, N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor function and ethanol sensitivity. Neuroscience, 136(1), 269-279.
Wahrle, S.E., Jiang, H., Parsadanian, M., Hartman, R.E., Bales, K.R., Paul, S.M., & Holtzman, D.M. (2005). Deletion of Abca1 increases Ab deposition in the PDAPP transgenic mouse model of Alzheimer’s disease. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 280(52), 43236-43242.
Herbozo, S. & Thompson, J.K. (2010). The effects of ambiguous appearance-related feedback on body image, mood, and intentions to use body change strategies in college women. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 7, 327-324.
Herbozo, S. & Thompson, J.K. (2009). Positive and negative appearance-related feedback and weight status. Eating and Weight Disorders, 14, 234-236.
Chen, E.Y., Roehrig, M., Herbozo, S., McCloskey, M., Roehrig, J., Cummings, H. et al. (2009). Compensatory eating disorder behaviors and gastric bypass surgery outcome. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 42, 363-366.
Calogero, R.M., Herbozo, S., & Thompson, J.K. (2009). Complimentary weightism: The potential costs of appearance-related commentary for women’s self-objectification. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 33, 120-132.
Herbozo, S. & Thompson, J.K. (2006). Development and validation of the Verbal Commentary on Physical Appearance Scale: Considering both positive and Negative commentary. Body Image: An International Journal of Research, 3, 335-344.
Halpern-Felsher, B. L., Lee., J., & Morrell, H. E. R. (2012). Adolescent cognitive development and decision-making in the context of the urban environment. In G. Creasey & P. Jarvis (Eds.), Adolescent development and school achievement in urban communities: Resilience in the neighborhood. New York: Routledge.
Halpern-Felsher, B. L., & Morrell, H. E. R. (2011). Tobacco cessation. In E. D. Berlan & T. Bravender (Eds.), Adolescent medicine today: A guide to caring for the adolescent patient. Singapore: World Scientific.
Institute of Medicine. (2012). Scientific standards for studies on modified risk tobacco products. (H. E. R. Morrell, contributing author for Chapter 6: Decision making and oversight of MRTP studies: Findings and recommendations). Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.
Richards, C. S., Cohen, L. M., Morrell, H. E. R., Watson, N. L., & Low, B. E. (2012). Treating depressed and anxious smokers in smoking cessation programs. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/a0027793.
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2012) Preventing Tobacco Use Among Young People: A Report of the Surgeon General. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General. (H. E R. Morrell, contributing author for Chapter 6: Clinical interventions: The role of health care providers in the prevention of youth tobacco use).
Watson, N. L., Vanderveen, J. W., Cohen., L. M., DeMarree, K. G., & Morrell, H. E. R. (2012). Examining the interrelationships between social anxiety, smoking to cope, and cigarette craving. Addictive Behaviors, 37(8), 986-989.
Wolf, H., Morrell, H. E. R., & Halpern-Felsher, B. L. (in press). Identification and characterization of adolescents' sexual boundaries. Journal of Adolescent Health.
Morrell, H. E. R., Skarbek, E. A., & Cohen, L. M. (2011). The relationship between self-efficacy and nicotine withdrawal severity among adult heavy smokers: A preliminary examination. Addiction Research & Theory. Advance online publication. doi: 10.3109/16066359.2011.562995.
Morrell, H. E. R., Song, A. V., & Halpern-Felsher, B. L. (2011). Earlier age of smoking initiation does not predict heavier cigarette consumption among adolescents. Prevention Science. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s11121-011-0209-6.
Morrell, H. E. R., McChargue, D. E., & Cohen, L. M. (2010). Depression vulnerability predicts cigarette smoking among college students: Gender and negative reinforcement expectancies as contributing factors. Addictive Behaviors, 35(6), 607-611.
Morrell, H. E. R., Song, A. V., & Halpern-Felsher, B. L. (2010). Predicting adolescent perceptions of the risks and benefits of cigarette smoking: A longitudinal investigation. Health Psychology, 29(6), 610-617.
Lee, J.W., Morton, K.R., Walters, J., Bellinger, D., Butler, T.L., Wilson, C., Walsh, E., Ellison, C.G., McKenzie, M.M., & Fraser, G.E. (2008). Cohort profile: The biopsychosocial religion and health study (BRHS). International Journal of Epidemiology, 1-9.
Webb, A.P., Ellison, C.G., McFarland, M.J., Lee, J.W., Morton, K.R., Walters, J. (2010). Divorce, Religious Coping, and Depressive Symptoms in a Conservative Protestant Religious Group. Family Relation, 59 (December): 544-557, DOI:10 1111/j.1741-3729.2010.00622.x.
Haviland MG, Morton, KR, Oda K, Fraser G. (2010). Traumatic experiences, major life stressors, and self-reporting a physician-given fibromyalgia diagnosis. Psychiatry Research, 177(3), 335-341.
Przekop P., Haviland M.G., Oda, K., Morton, K.R., Fraser, G.E. (2010). Risk factors for perceived pain related restrictions among women with fibromyalgia. Pain Medicine, 11(11), 1698-706.
Lee, J.W., Morton, K.R., Walters, J.W., Mahoney, M.L., & Veluz, R. (2010). Beliefs about Sabbath and Their Associations with Religious Coping, Intrinsic Religiosity, Mental and Physical Health. Under review at Review of Religious Research.
Morton, K.R., Lee, J.W., Haviland, M.G., & Fraser, G.W. (2012). Religious engagement in a risky family model predicting health in older Black and White Seventh-day Adventists. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. Advance online publication. doi:10.1037/a0027553
Przekop P., Haviland M.G., Zhao Y., Oda K., Morton K.R., Fraser G.E. (2012). Perceived Physical and Mental Health and Co-Morbid Diseases among Women with Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Fibromyalgia, Neither, or Both Disorders. The Journal of the American Osteopathic Association.
Crnic, K & Neece, C.L. (under review). Illness and Disability. In Lerner, R. M. (Ed.). Handbook of Child Psychology and Developmental Science-7th Edition. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Publishers.
Neece, C.L., Berk, M., & Combs-Ronto, L. (under review). Development of emotion regulation and suicidal behavior in adolescence: Implications for practice.
Neece, C.L. & Baker, B.L. (under review). Examining the validity of ADHD as a diagnosis for adolescents with intellectual disabilities: Pre-Pathway Influences.
Neece. C.L. (under review). Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Parents of Young Children with Developmental Delays: Implications for Parental Mental Health and Child Behavior Problems
* Davis, A., & Neece, C.L. (under review). Autism Spectrum Disorders and Parenting Stress: The Role of Behavior Problems.
* Xu, Y., Neece, C.L., Parker, K. (under review). Parental Depression and Child Behavior Problems in Families of Children with Austism Spectrum Disorders Examining Pathways of Influence.
Neece, C.L. & Baker, B.L. (in press). Examining the validity of ADHD as a diagnosis for adolescents with intellectual disabilities: Clinical presentation. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology.
Neece, C.L., Green, S., & Baker, B.L. (2012). Relationship between parenting stress and child behavior problems: An examination across time. Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities.
Christensen, L.L., Fraynt, B., Neece, C.L., & Baker, B.L. (2012). Victimization of adolescents with intellectual disability: Why are they targeted and what happens over time? Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities.
Williams, M.E., Park, S., Anaya, A., Perugini, S.M., Rao, S., Neece, C.L., & Rafeedie, J. (2012). Linking infants and toddlers in foster care to early childhood mental health services. Children and Youth Services Review.
Neece C.L., Baker, B.L., Crnic, K., & Blacher, J. (2011). ADHD among children with and without delays: An examination across time. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research.
Baker, B.L., Neece, C.L., Fenning, R.M., Crnic, K., & Blacher, J. (2010). Mental disorders in five year old children with or without intellectual disability: Focus on ADHD. Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology, 39(4), 492-505.
Neece, C.L, Blacher, J, & Baker, B.L. (2010). Impact on siblings of children with intellectual disability: The role of child behavior problems. American Journal of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 115(4), 291-306.
Neece. C.L., Kraemer, B.R., & Blacher, J. (2009). Transition satisfaction and family well being among parents of young adults with severe intellectual disabilities. Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, 47(1), 31-43.
Neece, C.L. & Baker, B.L. (2008). Predicting maternal parenting stress in middle childhood: The roles of child intellectual status, behavior problems, and social skills. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 52(12), 1114-1128.
Kaladjian, A & Neece, C.L. (2007). Developmental disabilities. In Swanson, L. (Ed.). The Encyclopedia of Special Education. New York: John Wiley & Sons.
Blacher, J., Neece, C.L., & Paczkowski, E. (2005). Families and intellectual disability. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 18, 507-513.
Wellisch D.K., Ormseth, S.R., Hartoonian, N., Owen, J.E. (in press). A retrospective study predicting psychological vulnerability in adult daughters of breast cancer patients. Families, Systems, and Health.
Thornton, A.A., Owen, J.E., Kernstine, K., Koczywas, M., Grannis, F., Cristea, M., Reckamp, K., Stanton, A.L. (2012). Predictors of finding benefit after lung cancer diagnosis. Psycho-Oncology, 21, 365-73.
Lu, Q., Krull, K.R., Leisenring, W., Owen, J.E., Kawashima, T., Tsao, J.C.I., Zebrack, B., Mertens, A., Armstrong, G.T., Stovall, M., Robison, L.L., Zeltzer, L.K. (2011). Pain in long-term adult survivors of childhood cancers and their siblings: A report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study. Pain, 152, 2616-24.
Owen, J.E., Hanson, E., Preddy, D.A., Bantum, E.O. (2011). Linguistically-tailored video feedback increases total and positive emotional expression in a structured writing task. Computers in Human Behavior, 27, 874-82.
Kaiser, N.C., Hartoonian, N., Owen, J.E. (2010). Toward a cancer-specific model of psychological distress: Population data from the 2003-2005 National Health Interview Surveys. Journal of Cancer Survivorship, 4, 291-302.
Owen, J.E., Boxley, L., Goldstein, M.S., Lee, J.H., Breen, N., Rowland, J.H. (2010). Use of health-related online support groups: Population data from the California Health Interview Survey Complementary and Alternative Medicine Study. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 15, 427-46.
Sanders, S.L., Bantum, E.O., Owen, J.E., Thornton, A., Stanton A.L. (2010). Supportive care needs in patients with lung cancer. Psycho-Oncology, 19, 480-9.
Kaiser, N., Owen., J.E., Winzelberg, A.J. (2009). The use of technology to advance adolescent health promotion. In Adolescent Health: Understanding and Preventing Risk Behaviors. R.J. DiClemente, J.S. Santelli, R.A. Crosby (eds.), pps. 447-472. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Owen, J.E., Bantum, E.O., Golant, M. (2009). Benefits and challenges experienced by professional facilitators of online support groups for cancer survivors. Psycho-Oncology, 18, 144-55.
Bantum, E., Owen, J.E. (2009). Evaluating the Validity of Computerized Content Analysis Programs for Identification of Emotional Expression in Cancer Narratives. Psychological Assessment, 21, 79-88.
Liess, A., Ellis, W., Yutsis, M., Owen, J.E., Altree Piemme K., Golant, M., Giese-Davis, J. (2008). Detecting emotional expression in face-to-face and online breast cancer support groups. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(3): 517-23.
Bantum, E., Owen, J.E. (2008). Use of linguistics to promote coping with cancer. In Coping with Cancer. Jacobs, L.K. (ed.), p.7-12. Nova Publishers.
Owen, J.E., Goldstein, M.S., Lee, J.H., Breen, N., & Rowland, J. (2007). Use of health-related and cancer-specific support groups among adult survivors. Cancer, 109, 2580-2589.
Bantum, E., Donovan, K.A., & Owen, J.E. (2007). A systematic review of outcomes associated with psychosocial interventions for women with breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Outcomes Management, 14, 1-12.
Owen, J.E., Boxley, L., Klapow, J.C. (2006). Measurement of quality of life outcomes. In Palliative Care and Supportive Oncology, Eds: A. Berger, J. L. Shuster, Jr., J. H. Von Roenn. New York: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Owen, J.E., Giese-Davis, J., Cordova, M., Kronenwetter, C., Golant, M., & Spiegel, D. (2006). Self-Report and Linguistic Indicators of Emotional Expression as Predictors of Adjustment to Cancer. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 29, 335-345.
Owen, J.E., Bonds, C.L., & Wellisch, D.K. (2006). “Psychiatric evaluations of heart transplant candidates: Predicting post-transplant hospitalizations, rejection episodes, and survival.” Psychosomatics, 47, 1-10.
Owen, J.E., Klapow, J.C., Roth, D.L., Shuster, J.L., Meredith, R., & Tucker, D.C. (2005). “Randomized pilot of a self-guided Internet coping group for women with early-stage breast cancer.” Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 30, 54-64.
Lambert, M. J., & Vermeersch, D. A. (2013). Psychological assessment in treatment. In K.F. Geisinger (Ed.), APA Handbook of Testing and Assessment in Psychology: Vol. 2. Testing and Assessment in Clinical and Counseling Psychology. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.
Thieszen, C.L., Merrill, R.M., Aldana, S.G., Diehl, H.A., Mahoney, M.L., Greenlaw, R.L., Vermeersch, D.A., & Englert, H. (2011). The Coronary Health Improvement Project (CHIP) for lowering weight and improving psychosocial health. Psychological Reports, 109, 1, 338-352.
Anderson, T., Ogles, B. M., Patterson, C. L., Lambert, M. J., & Vermeersch, D. A. (2009). Therapist effects: Facilitative interpersonal skills as a predictor of therapist success. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65(7), 1-14.
Lambert, M. J., & Vermeersch, D. A. (2008). Measuring and improving psychotherapy outcome in routine practice. In S.D. Brown & R.W. Lent (Eds.), Handbook of Counseling Psychology (4th Ed.). New York: Wiley.
Okiishi, J. C., Lambert, M. J., Eggett, D., Nielsen, L., Dayton, D. D., & Vermeersch, D. A. (2006). An analysis of therapist treatment effects: Toward providing feedback to individual therapists on their clients’ psychotherapy outcome. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 62(9), 1157-1172.
Vermeersch, D. A., & Lambert, M. J. (2005). Efficacy, effectiveness, and patient-focused research. In M. Hersen and Johan Rosqvist (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Behavior Modification and Therapy: Adult Clinical Applications (Vol. 1). California: Sage Publications.
Hawkins, E. J., Lambert, M. J., Vermeersch, D. A., Slade, K. L., & Tuttle, K. C. (2004). The therapeutic effects of providing patient progress information to therapists and patients. Psychotherapy Research, 14(3), 308-327.
Vermeersch, D. A., Whipple, J. L., Lambert, M. J., Hawkins, E. J., Burchfield, C. M., & Okiishi, J. C. (2004). Outcome Questionnaire: Is it sensitive to changes in counseling center clients? Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51(1), 38-49.