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Faculty Directory
  
Joan Sabate, MD, DrPH
Executive Director, Ctr for Nutrition, Lifestyle, & Disease Prevention, School of Public Health
School of Public Health
Professor, School of Public Health
School of Public Health
Professor, Medicine
School of Medicine

Joan Sabaté MD, DrPH, is a Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Loma Linda University School of Public Health where he directs the Center for Nutrition, Lifestyle and Disease Prevention. Originally from Spain, Dr. Sabaté is a board certified physician in Internal Medicine who moved to the U.S.A. to further train in Public Health Nutrition. He obtained a doctorate in Nutrition and a Fellowship in Nutritional Epidemiology.

 Dr. Sabaté was the principal investigator of a nutrition intervention trial that directly linked the consumption of walnuts to significant reductions in serum cholesterol, published in the New England Journal of Medicine in 1993. The Archives of Internal Medicine later published his findings of a pooled analysis of 25 intervention trials establishing the benefits of nut consumption on blood lipid levels and lowering the risk of heart disease. Dr. Sabaté is co-investigator of the Adventist Health Studies, large prospective epidemiological cohorts relating dietary intake with health outcomes. He has been the principal investigator of many clinical trials investigating the health effects of nuts and other plant foods.

 He enjoys conducting research and disseminating the findings. He has authored more than 150 research articles in the scientific literature many of them in high-impact journals.  He has an H-index of 54.   

 He is Editor of the reference book Vegetarian Nutrition published by CRC Press, and was the principal architect of the Vegetarian Food Guide Pyramid released in 1987 at the 3rd International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition and redesigned in 2008. He has been chair of the 4th, 5 thand 6th International Congress on Vegetarian Nutrition, and edited all these congresses proceedings always published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.

 For the past 10 years, Dr. Sabaté has directed the Environmental Nutrition research program at the Loma Linda University School of Public Health. This program explores the interrelationships between the environmental and health impacts of food choices, and ultimately seeks to improve the sustainability, health and equity of food systems. He is the editor of the book Environmental Nutrition: Connecting Health and Nutrition with Environmentally Sustainable Diets, published in 2019.

 

Most Recent Publications:

  • Segovia-Siapco G, Burkholder-Cooley N, Tabrizi SH, Sabaté J. Beyond Meat: A comparison of the dietary intakes of vegetarian and non-vegetarian adolescents. Front Nutr 2019 6:86. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2019.00086
  • Fresan U, Mejia MA, Craig WJ, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Sabaté J. Meat analogs from different protein sources: A comparison of their sustainability and nutritional content. Sustainability 2019 11(12) 3231. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123231
  • Davis BC, Jamshed H, Peterson CM, Sabaté J, Harris RD, Koratkar R, Spence JW, Kelly JH. An intensive lifestyle intervention to treat Type 2 Diabetes in the Republic of the Marshall Inslands: Protocol for the randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Nutrition, 2019 6 (79). doi: 10.3389/fnut.2019.00079
  • Adams M, Sabaté J. Sexual dimorphism in cardiovascular disease risk and risk factors among vegetarians: a exploration of the potential mechanisms. Current Atherosclerosis Reports, 2019 21:35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11883-019-0796-4
  • Sanchez-Sabate R, Sabaté J. Consumer Attitudes Towards Environmental Concerns of Meat Consumption: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Apr 5;16(7). doi: 10.3390/ijerph16071220
  • Fresán U, Marrin DL, Mejia MA, Sabaté J.  Water footprint of meat analogs: Selected indicators according to life cycle assessment. Water, 2019; 10(4), 728.https://doi.org/10.3390/w11040728
  • Mejia MA, Fresan U, Harwatt H, Oda K, Uriegas-Mejia U, Sabaté J. Life Cycle Assessment of the Production of a Large Variety of Meat Analogs by Three Diverse Factors. J Hunger & Environ Nutr. 2019 Mar 28. https://doi.org/10.1080/19320248.2019.1595251
  • Heskey C, Oda K, Sabaté J. Avocado Intake, and Longitudinal Weight and Body Mass Index Changes in an Adult Cohort. Nutrients 2019, 11, 691.
    https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030691
  • Alshahrani SM, Fraser GE, Sabaté J, Knutsen R, Shavlik D, Mashchak A, Lloren JI, Orlich MJ.  Red and Processed Meat and Mortality in a Low-Meat-Intake Population. Nutrients, 2019; 11, 622. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030622
  • DomenechM, Cofan M, Sala-Villa A, Serra-Mir M, Sabate J, Rajaram S. Effect of a walnut diet on office and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in elderly individuals: findings from the Walnuts And Healthy Aging (WAHA) randomized trial. Hypertension 2019,73,1049-1057.
    doi: 10.1161/hypertensionaha.118.12766
  • Fresán U, Martínez-González MA, Sabaté J, Bes-Rastrollo M. Global sustainability (health, environment and monetary costs) of three dietary patterns: results from a Spanish cohort (the SUN project). BMJ Open. 2019 Feb 21;9(2):e021541.
    http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021541
  • Miles FL, Lloren JIC, Haddad E, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Knutsen S, Sabate J, Fraser GE. Plasma, Urine, and Adipose Tissue Biomarkers of Dietary Intake Differ Between Vegetarian and Non-Vegetarian Diet Groups in the Adventist Health Study-2. J Nutr, 2019; nxy292.  https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxy292
  • Freitas-Simoes T, Cofan M, Blasco M, Soberon N, Foronda M, Serra-Mir M, Roth I,  Valls-Pedret C, Domenech M, Casaroli-Marano R, Ponferrada-Ariza E, Calvo C , Rajaram S, Sabaté J, Ros E, Sala-Villa A. Walnut consumption for two years and leukocyte telomere attrition in Mediterranean elders: results of a randomized controlled trial. Nutrients 2018; 10(12),1907. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121907
  • Fresán U, Martínez-Gonzalez M, Sabaté J, & Bes-Rastrollo M. The Mediterranean diet, an environmentally friendly option: Evidence from the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort.Public Health Nutr 2018; 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017003986
  • Freitas-Simoes T, Cofan M, Blasco M, Soberon N, Corella D, Asensio E, Serra-Mir M, Roth I, Calvo C, Valls-Pedret C, Casaroli-Marano R, Domenech M, Rajaram S, Sabaté, J, Ros E, Sala-Villa A. The red blood cell proportion of arachidonic acid related to shorter leukocyte telomeres in Mediterranean elders: A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. Clin Nutr; 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnu.2018.02.011

  • Le L.T, Sabaté J, Singh P.N, Jaceldo-Siegl, K. The Design, Development and Evaluation of the Vegetarian Lifestyle Index on Dietary Patterns among Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians. Nutrients 2018; 10, 542. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/5/542

  • Banta J.E, Lee J.W, Hodgkin G, Yi Z, Fanica A, Sabate, J .The Global Influence of the Seventh-Day Adventist Church on Diet. Religion 2018; 10, 251. https://www.mdpi.com/2077-1444/9/9/251

  • Bitok,E, Sabate J. Nuts and Cardiovascular Disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2018; 61(1), 33-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2018.05.003

  • Haddad E, Wien M, Oda K, Sabate J. Postprandial gut hormone responses to Hass avocado meals and their association with visual analog scores in overweight adults: A randomized 3?×?3 crossover trial. Eat Behav 2018; 31, 33-37. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1471015317303045?via%3Dihub

  • Fresán U, Martínez-Gonzalez M, Sabaté J, Bes-Rastrollo M. The Mediterranean diet, an environmentally friendly option: evidence from the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort. Public Health Nutr 2018, 21(8), 1573–1582. http://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980017003986

  • Freitas-Simoes T, Cofan M, Blasco M, Soberon N, Foronda M, Serra-Mir M, Roth I,  Valls-Pedret C, Domenech M, Casaroli-Marano R, Ponferrada-Ariza E, Calvo C , Rajaram S, Sabaté J, Ros E, Sala-Villa A. Walnut consumption for two years and leukocyte telomere attrition in Mediterranean elders: results of a randomized controlled trial. Nutrients 2018; 10(12),1907. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121907.

  • Bitok E, Rajaram S, Jaceldo-Siegl, K, Oda, K, Sala-Vila A, Serra-Mir M., Ros E, Sabaté J. (2018). Effects of Long-Term Walnut Supplementation on Body Weight in Free-Living Elderly: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2018; 10(9), 1317. doi:10.3390/nu10091317 https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/9/1317

  • Fresán U, Sabaté J, Martínez-Gonzalez M. A, Segovia-Siapco G, de la Fuente-Arrillaga, C, & Bes-RastrolloM. Adherence to the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and mortality risk in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN project. Prev med 2018; 118, 317-324. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.11.015. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.11.015

  • Segovia-Siapco G, Sabaté J. (2018). Health and sustainability outcomes of vegetarian dietary patterns: a revisit of the EPIC-Oxford and the Adventist Health Study-2 cohorts. Eur J Clin Nutr 2018; 1. doi:10.1038/s41430-018-0310-z. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0310-z

  • Sabaté J, Burkholder-Cooley N. M., Segovia-Siapco G, Oda K, Wells B, Orlich M. J, Fraser G. E. (2018). Unscrambling the relations of egg and meat consumption with type 2 diabetes risk. Am J Clin Nutr 2018; 108(5), 1121-1128. doi:10.1093/ajcn/nqy213. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/108/5/1121/5133468 

 

Selected Publications on Areas of Expertise 

Nut Research and Health Outcomes

  •  Sabaté J, Fraser GE, Burke K, Knutsen SF, Bennett H, Lindsted KD.  Effects of walnuts on serum lipid levels and blood pressure in normal men.  N Engl J Med 1993; 328:603-607 doi 10.1056/NEJM199303043280902. http://www.nejm.org/doi/pdf/10.1056/NEJM199303043280902 

  • Fraser GE, Sabaté J, Beeson WL, Strahan TM.  A possible protective effect of nut consumption on risk of coronary heart disease:  The Adventist Health Study. Arch Intern Med 1992; 152:1416-1424. http://0-manetwork.com.catalog.llu.edu/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/616417

  • Rajaram S, Connell KM, Sabaté J.  Effect of almond-enriched high monounsaturated fat diet on selected markers of inflammation: a randomized, controlled, crossover study.  Br J Nutr 2010;103:907-912 doi:10.1017/S0007114509992480 https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114509992480

  • Jaceldo-Siegl K, Batech M, Sabaté J, Fraser G. Influence of Body Mass Index and Serum Lipids on the Cholesterol-Lowering Effects of Almonds in Free-Living Individuals.  Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 2011;21:S7-S13 doi:10.1016/j.numecd.2011.03.007. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2011.03.007

  • Salas-Salvado J, Guasch-Ferre, M, Bullo M, Sabaté J. Nuts in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. Am J Clin Nutr 2014;100:399S-407S doi: 10.3945/ajcn.113.071530. http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/early/2014/06/04/ajcn.113.071530

  • Wien M, Oda K, Sabaté J. A randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of incorporating peanuts into an American Diabetes Association meal plan on the nutrient profile of the total diet and cardiometabolic parameters of adults with type 2 diabetes. Nutr J 2014;13:10. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-10. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-13-10

  • Haddad EH, Gaban-Chong N, Oda K, Sabaté J. Effect of a walnut meal on postprandial oxidative stress and antioxidants in healthy individuals. Nutr J. 2014;13:4. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-13-4. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-13-4

  • Jaceldo-Siegl K, Haddad E, Oda K, Fraser GE, Sabaté J. Tree nuts are inversely associated with metabolic syndrome and obesity: The Adventist Health Study-2. PLOS One, 2014 9 e85133. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0085133. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085133

  • Pribis P, Bailey R, Russell A, Kilsby M, Hernandez M, Craig W, Grajales T, Shavlik D, Sabaté J.  Effects of walnut consumption on cognitive performance in young adults.  Br J Nutr 2012:1071393-1401.https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114511004302

  • Rajaram S, Valls-Pedret C, Cofan M, Sabaté J, Serra-Mir M, Perez-Heras A, Arechiga A, Casarolli-Marano R, Alforja S, Sala-Vila A, Domenech M, Roth I, Freitas-Simoes T, Calvo C, Lopez-Illamola A, Haddad E, Kazzi N, Huey L, Fan J, Bitok E, Ros E. The Walnuts and Healthy Aging study (WAHA): Protocol for a Nutritional Intervention Trial with Walnuts on Brain Aging. Front. Aging Neurosci 2017; 8,333. https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnagi.2016.00333/full

  • Bitok E, Jaceldo-Siegel K, Rajaram S, Serra-Mir M, Roth I, Feitas-Simoes T, Ros E, Sabaté J. Favorable Nutrient Intake and Displacement with Long-Term Walnut Supplementation among Elderly: Results of a Randomised Trial. Br J Nutr 2017; 118:201-209 doi: 10.1017/S0007114517001957. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114517001957

  • Freisling H, Noh H, Slimani N, Chajés V, May AM, Peeters PH, Weiderpass E, Cross AJ, Skeie G, Jenab M, Mancini FR, Sabate, J, 2017. Nut intake and 5year changes in body weight and obesity risk in adults: results from the EPIC-PANACEA study. Eur J Nutr 2017; 1-10. doi: 10.1007/s00394-017-1513-0. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00394-017-1513-0

  • Bitok,E, Sabate J. Nuts and Cardiovascular Disease. Prog Cardiovasc Dis 2018; 61(1), 33-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pcad.2018.05.003

  • Freitas-Simoes T, Cofan M, Blasco M, Soberon N, Foronda M, Serra-Mir M, Roth I,  Valls-Pedret C, Domenech M, Casaroli-Marano R, Ponferrada-Ariza E, Calvo C , Rajaram S, Sabaté J, Ros E, Sala-Villa A. Walnut consumption for two years and leukocyte telomere attrition in Mediterranean elders: results of a randomized controlled trial. Nutrients 2018; 10(12),1907. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121907.

  • Bitok E, Rajaram S, Jaceldo-Siegl, K, Oda, K, Sala-Vila A, Serra-Mir M., Ros E, Sabaté J. (2018). Effects of Long-Term Walnut Supplementation on Body Weight in Free-Living Elderly: Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2018; 10(9), 1317. doi:10.3390/nu10091317. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/9/1317

  • DomenechM, Cofan M, Sala-Villa A, Serra-Mir M, Sabate J, Rajaram S. Effect of a walnut diet on office and 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure in elderly individuals: findings from the Walnuts And Healthy Aging (WAHA) randomized trial. Hypertension 2019,73,1049-1057.doi: 10.1161/hypertensionaha.118.12766
  • Freitas-Simoes T, Cofan M, Blasco M, Soberon N, Foronda M, Serra-Mir M, Roth I,  Valls-Pedret C, Domenech M, Casaroli-Marano R, Ponferrada-Ariza E, Calvo C , Rajaram S, Sabaté J, Ros E, Sala-Villa A. Walnut consumption for two years and leukocyte telomere attrition in Mediterranean elders: results of a randomized controlled trial. Nutrients 2018; 10(12),1907. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10121907

  

Enviornmental Nutrtion/Sustainable Diets 

  • Fresan U, Mejia MA, Craig WJ, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Sabaté J. Meat analogs from different protein sources: A comparison of their sustainability and nutritional content. Sustainability 2019 11(12) 3231. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123231
  • Sanchez-Sabate R, Sabaté J. Consumer Attitudes Towards Environmental Concerns of Meat Consumption: A Systematic Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Apr 5;16(7). doi: 10.3390/ijerph16071220
  • Fresán U, Marrin DL, Mejia MA, Sabaté J.  Water footprint of meat analogs: Selected indicators according to life cycle assessment. Water, 2019; 10(4), 728.https://doi.org/10.3390/w11040728
  • Mejia MA, Fresan U, Harwatt H, Oda K, Uriegas-Mejia U, Sabaté J. Life Cycle Assessment of the Production of a Large Variety of Meat Analogs by Three Diverse Factors. J Hunger & Environ Nutr. 2019 Mar 28. https://doi.org/10.1080/19320248.2019.1595251
  • Fresán U, Martínez-González MA, Sabaté J, Bes-Rastrollo M. Global sustainability (health, environment and monetary costs) of three dietary patterns: results from a Spanish cohort (the SUN project). BMJ Open. 2019 Feb 21;9(2):e021541. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021541

 

Nutritional Epidemiology

  • Fraser G, Henning S, Fan J, Knutsen S, Beeson L, Sabaté J, Haddad E, Bennett H,. Biomarkers of Dietary Intake are Correlated with Corresponding Measures from Repeated Dietary Recalls and Food Frequency Questionnaires in the Adventist Health Study-2. J Nutr 2016; 146(3):586-594 doi: 10.3945/jn.115.225508 http://jn.nutrition.org/content/early/2016/02/02/jn.115.225508

  • Dyett P, Rajaram S, Haddad EH, Sabaté J. Evaluation of the first validated food frequency assessment tool for self-defined vegans in the United States. Nutrients 2014;6:2523-39. doi: 10.3390/nu6072523. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/nu6072523

  • Jaceldo-Siegl K, Fan J, Sabaté J, Knutsen SF, Haddad E, Beeson WL, Herring RP, ButlerTL, Bennett H, Fraser GE. Race-specific validation of food intake obtained from a comprehensive FFQ: the Adventist Health Study-2. Pub Health Nutr 2011;14:1988-1997. doi:10.1017/S1368980011000735. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980011000735

  • Bes-Rastrollo M, Sabaté J, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Fraser GE. Validation of self-reported anthropometrics in the Adventist Health Study 2. BMC Public Health. 2011;11:213 doi:10.1186/1471-2458-11-213. http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2458/11/213.

  • Segovia-Siapco G, Singh P, Haddad E, Sabaté J.  Relative validity of a food frequency questionnaire used to assess food intake during a dietary intervention study.  Nutr Cancer 2008, 60:603-611. doi: 10.1080/01635580802065294 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01635580802065294

  • Segovia-Siapco G, Singh P, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Sabaté J.  Validation of a food frequency questionnaire for measurement of nutrient intake in a dietary intervention study.  Public Health Nutr 2007, 10:177-184. doi: 10.1017/S1368980007226047. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980007226047

  • Montgomery S, Herring P, Yancey A, Beeson L, Butler T, Knutsen S, Sabaté J, Chan J, Preston-Martin S, Fraser G.  Comparing lifestyles and prevalent diseases among black and white subjects in a nationwide cohort.  Prev Chronic Dis 2008, 5:A29. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1955428/

  • Orlich MJ, Singh P, Sabate J, Jaceldo-Siegl K, Fan J, Knutsen S, et al. Dietary Patterns and Mortality in Adventist Health Study 2. . JAMA Intern Med 2013;173(13):1230-1238. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2013.6473. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/1710093

  • Nezami M, Segovia-Siapco G, Beeson L, Sabaté J. Associations between Consumption of Dairy   Foods and Anthropometric Indicators of Health in Adolescents. Nutrients 2016; 8, 427. doi:10.3390/nu8070427. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/8/7/427

  • Segovia-Siapco G, Sabaté J. Feasibility of using personal mobile phones to assess dietary intake in adolescents. JMIR2016; 4(3), e91. doi:10.2196/mhealth.5418 https://mhealth.jmir.org/2016/3/e91/

  • Le L.T, Sabaté J, Singh P.N, Jaceldo-Siegl, K. The Design, Development and Evaluation of the Vegetarian Lifestyle Index on Dietary Patterns among Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians. Nutrients 2018; 10, 542. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/10/5/542

  • Fresán U, Sabaté J, Martínez-Gonzalez M. A, Segovia-Siapco G, de la Fuente-Arrillaga, C, & Bes-RastrolloM. Adherence to the 2015 Dietary Guidelines for Americans and mortality risk in a Mediterranean cohort: The SUN project. Prev med 2018; 118, 317-324. doi:10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.11.015. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0091743518303608?via%3Dihub

  • Segovia-Siapco G, Sabaté J. (2018). Health and sustainability outcomes of vegetarian dietary patterns: a revisit of the EPIC-Oxford and the Adventist Health Study-2 cohorts. Eur J Clin Nutr 2018; 1. doi:10.1038/s41430-018-0310-z.https://www.nature.com/articles/s41430-018-0310-z

  • Segovia-Siapco G, Burkholder-Cooley N, Tabrizi SH, Sabaté J. Beyond Meat: A comparison of the dietary intakes of vegetarian and non-vegetarian adolescents. Front Nutr 2019 6:86. doi: 10.3389/fnut.2019.00086
  • Alshahrani SM, Fraser GE, Sabaté J, Knutsen R, Shavlik D, Mashchak A, Lloren JI, Orlich MJ.  Red and Processed Meat and Mortality in a Low-Meat-Intake Population. Nutrients, 2019; 11, 622. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11030622