Loma Linda University

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Paul Levine, MD
Professor, Medicine
School of Medicine
Publications    Scholarly Journals--Published
  • Dubner SJ, Moss AJ, Schapachnik ES, Levine PA, Perez Riera AR, Camm J, Zareba W, . "Web-based virtual cardiac symposia: a new approach for worldwide professional education." Annals Non-Invasive Electrocardiology 12. (2007): 1-6. ( 1/2007 )
    Reviews a unique internet based educational program running for one month at a time with a specific theme. Prior topics have been Brugada Syndrome, Long QT syndrome, Atrial Fibrillation, Heart Failure and Sudden Cardiac Death.
  • Bornzin GA, Levine PA. "Implantable Cardiac Stimulation Device that Defibrillates the Atria while Avoiding the Ventricular Vulnerable Period and Method." Patent #6,889,077 B2 . (2005): -. ( 5/2005 )
  • Mouchawar GA, Causey JA, McClure KH, Moulder JC, Levine PA. "Implantable Cardiac Stimulation Device Having Automatic Sensitivity Control and Method." Patent #6,862,476 B2 . (2005): -. ( 3/2005 )
  • Levine PA. "Apparatus and Method for Automatically Sensing Threshold HIstogram with Differentiation of Sinus from Ectopic Beats." Patent #6,865,414 B1 . (2005): -. ( 3/2005 )
  • DeVoogt WG, van Mechelen R, van den Bos AA, Scheffer M, van Hemel NM, Levine PA. "Electrical Characteristics of Low Atrial Septum Pacing Compared with Right Atrial Appendage Pacing." Europace . (2005): 60-66. ( 1/2005 )
  • Stambler BS, Ellenbogen KA, Liu Z, Levine P, Porter TR, Zhang X. "Serial changes in right ventricular apical pacing lead impedance predicts changes in left ventricular ejection fraction and functional class in heart failure patients." PACE 28. (2005): S50-S53. ( 1/2005 )
  • Kok LA, Hanna GP, Brownstein S, Kim M, Levine P, Vijayaraman P, Go A, Syed ZA. "Effect of short pulse width programming in AutoCapture devices." PACE 28. (2005): S70-S72. ( 1/2005 )
  • Levine PA. "St. Jude Medical - Pacemakers, ICD,s and MRI." PACE 28. (2005): 266-267. ( 1/2005 )
  • Sloman LS, Levine PA. "System and Method for Optimizing Far-Field R-Wave sensing by Switching Electrode Polarity During Atrial Capture Verification." Patent #6,788,971 B1 . (2004): -. ( 11/2004 )
  • Levine PA, Bornzin GA. "Implantable Cardiac Stimulation System and Method for Measuring Atrioventricular Conduction and adjusting Atrioventricular Hysteresis." Patent #6,792,307 . (2004): -. ( 11/2004 )
  • Levine PA. "Multi-Chamber Ventricular Automatic Capture Method and Apparatus for Minimizing True and Blanking Period Induced Ventricular Undersensing." Patent #6,819,944 B2 . (2004): -. ( 11/2004 )
  • Levine PA. "System and Method with Improved Automatic Testing Function for Automatic Capture Verification." Patent #6,766,197 B1 . (2004): -. ( 7/2004 )
  • Levine PA. "Multi-Chamber Ventricular Automatic Capture Method and Apparatus for Minimizing True and Blanking Period Induced Ventricular Undersensing." Patent #6,819,944 B@ . (2004): -. ( 1/2004 )
  Books and Chapters
  • Kroll MW, Levine PA. Pacemaker and Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Circuitry. Ellenbogen, Kay, Lau and Wilkoff (editors) Clinical Cardiac Pacing, Defibrillation and Resynchronization, 3rd Edition: Saunders Elsevier, 2007. 261 - 278 ( 1/2007 )
  • Levine PA, Isaeff DM. Follow-up Management of the Paced Patient. Kusumoto F, Goldschlager N (editors), Cardiac Pacing for the Clinician, 2nd Edition: Lippincott William and Wilkins, 2007. 638 - 685 ( 1/2007 )
  • Koenig DM, Levine PA. Fundamentals of Permanent Pacing. Staten Island, New York: Education Enterprises, 2006. ( 1/2006 )
  • Donna Koenig, Paul A. Levine. Fundamentals of permanent pacing. Staten Island, NY: Educations Enterprises, 2006. ( 1/2006 )
  • Paul A. Levine . Evaluation and Management of Pacing System Malfunction . Cardiac Pacing and ICDs - 4th Edition: Blackwell Science , 2005. 322 - 379 ( 1/2005 )
  • David L. Hayes, Paul A. Levine. Pacing System Timing - Chpt 6. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Science, 2005. 265 - 321 ( 1/2005 )
  • Paul A. Levine. Evaluation and Management of Pacing System Malfunction . Malden, MA: Blackwell Science, 2005. 322 - 379 ( 1/2005 )
  • Levine PA, Ellenbogen KA, Wood M, . Cardiac Pacing and ICD's. Blackwell Science Publication - Chapter 7: , 2005. 322 - 379 ( 1/2005 )
  • Hayes DL, Levine PA, Ellenbogen KA, Wood M. Pacing System Timing. Blackwell Science Publication - Chapter 6: , 2005. 265 - 321 ( 1/2005 )
  Non-Scholarly Journals
  • Paul A. Levine"Utilization of the implanted pacemaker in the management of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, 3 cases." ISHNE virtual conference on atrial fibrillation 01 10 2006: ( 10/2006 )
  • Paul A. Levine"The role of pacing in the management of atrial fibrillation." ISHNE virtual symposium on atrial fibrillation 01 10 2005: ( 10/2005 ) Link...
  • Paul A. Levine"62 year old male with fatigue and lack of energy - case study." Medscape 01 01 1900: (*) Link...