Loma Linda University

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Darlene Armstrong, MA, RDH
Associate Professor, Dental Hygiene
School of Dentistry
Publications    Scholarly Journals--Published
  • Darlene Armstrong, Empowering Faculty: Engaging Student swith Interactive Learning, Journal of Dental Education, 72:2/p.252/ Feb 2008 ( 2/2008 - 3/2008 )
    19. Empowering Faculty: Engaging Students with Interactive Learning Darlene Armstrong, Loma Linda University; D. Darlene Cheek, Loma Linda University; Michelle Hurlbutt, Loma Linda University The purpose of this project is to improve adoption of innovative teaching with technology and demonstrate uses of various student response systems that provide opportunities for enhancement of interactive learning and student retention of information. Research on student response systems (SRS), including clickers, vpad, vboards, and PDAs, has shown an increase in student engagement and improved learning when they are implemented effectively in large and small classrooms. Faculty in many higher education settings, including biological sciences, physical sciences, humanities, medicine, dentistry, and engineering, have developed innovative strategies using various educational theories to encourage student interaction and group dynamics. Some faculty are reluctant to implement these devices due to technological or logistical challenges and cost. Research on the use of these systems in higher education has generally focused on specific applications, styles of interaction, and pedagogical methodologies. This project will demonstrate training of faculty to use an SRS, which empowers faculty to use innovative technology to enhance active learning and retention in dental education. It will provide a review of the literature on response systems and the relevant educational theories that support their use. It will provide a demonstration of the basic steps to set up an SRS, incorporate interactive slides into a presentation, use alternate response systems, display responses, and incorporate responses into learning management systems and pedagogical approaches to customize instruction based upon the responses. The project will report on the use of various response systems in a dental school. It will show how different teaching styles and disciplines can effectively incorporate this technology. It seeks to support teachers in engaging their students in an active learning environment.
  • Darlene Armstrong, Clickers in the Classroom, Journal of California Dental Hygienists'' Association, 23:2/; 32/Winter 2008 ( 1/2008 )
  • D. A. Armstrong & S. A. Lee. "Demonstration of Collaborative Teaching Using Educational Technologies." Journal of Dental Research 85.A (2006): 0988-0988. ( 1/2006 ) Link...
    Objective: Demonstrate how to incorporate various education technologies into dental courses to facilitate learning styles common to dental applicants including auditory, kinesthetic and visual. Methods: Collaborative teaching method utilizing multiple educational technologies to teach dental anatomy will be shown. A printed textbook is replaced with a CD-ROM, including various interactive models, exercises, and quizzes to supplement lectures. Interactive lectures used media presentations, super-size model teeth, graphic displays, and two instructors to highlight anatomy in different formats during each presentation. A course management system was used to post presentations, announcements, assignments and study guides prior to lectures. Weekly assessments, asynchronous threaded discussions and online grades provided immediate feedback to student and instructor. Discussions included a question per week which paralleled the lecture theme giving practical application of the topic to their daily lives. This increased the breadth and depth of students' exposure to dental anatomy. Lab exercises which solidified the didactic information, both visually and tactilely will be shown. One exercise had students become teachers to small groups of classmates. Students took turns to intensely study a particular tooth, then present the unique identifying features of the tooth anatomy and morphology using visual aids of their own creation. Results: Student presenters stated the laboratory exercise helped to strengthen their knowledge, while encouraging their creativity. Their results on quizzes and laboratory assessments improved from previous classes. Students in the initial class using this collaborative educational technology method will take National Boards March 2006. Conclusion: The use of technology is expanding in education and dental practice. A solid foundation in Dental Anatomy is also essential. The collaborative use of technology in learning assists in facilitating each student's particular learning style while seeking to prepare students to be successful clinicians in dentistry.
  Books and Chapters
  • Pre-publication book review - Picket, Frieda & Terezhalmy, Gea. (Sep 2008). Basic Principles of Pharmacology with Dental Hygiene Applications. Lippincott, William, and Wilkins ( 5/2006 - 12/2007 )
  Non-Scholarly Journals
  • Armstrong, Darlene"The Armstrongs Take on the Berry's." Viewpoint - Alumni journal of Pacific Union College 01 01 2006: 34 - 34 ( 1/2006 ) Link...
  • Armstrongs Take on the Berry's - Researched and wrote report for Pacific Union College alumni journal of 99 blood relatives of Charlotte Armstrong, who have graduated from or attended Pacific Union College. Since then have confirmed 6 more relatives for the list. Published Winter 2006 - URL of journal submitted after publication http://alumni.puc.edu/media/pdf/viewpoint/winter06viewpoint.pdf ( 11/2005 - 1/2006 )
  • Armstrong, D. A."Reader Profiles." Dimensions of Dental Hygiene 01 11 2005: 38 - 38 ( 11/2005 )