Vanterpool E., Roy F., Fletcher H.M.. "Inactivation of vimF, a putative glycosyltransferase gene downstream of vimE, alters glycosylation and activation of the gingipains in Porphyromonas gingivalis W83.." Infect. Immun. 73.7 (2005): 3971-3982. ( 7/2005 )
Regulation/activation of the Porphyromonas gingivalis gingipains is poorly understood. A 1.2-kb open reading frame, a putative glycosyltransferase, downstream of vimE, was cloned, insertionally inactivated using the ermF-ermAM antibiotic resistance cassette, and used to create a defective mutant by allelic exchange. In contrast to the wild-type W83 strain, this mutant, designated P. gingivalis FLL95, was nonpigmented and nonhemolytic when plated on Brucella blood agar. Arginine- and lysine-specific gingipain activities were reduced by approximately 97% and 96%, respectively, relative to that of the parent strain. These activities were unaffected by the growth phase, in contrast to the vimA-defective mutant P. gingivalis FLL92. Expression of the rgpA, rgpB, and kgp gingipain genes was unaffected in P. gingivalis FLL95 in comparison to the wild-type strain. In nonactive gingipain extracellular protein fractions, multiple high-molecular-weight proteins immunoreacted with gingipain-specific antibodies. The specific gingipain-associated sugar moiety recognized by monoclonal antibody 1B5 was absent in FLL95. Taken together, these results suggest that the vimE downstream gene, designated vimF (virulence modulating gene F), which is a putative glycosyltransferase group 1, is involved in the regulation of the major virulence factors of P. gingivalis.