Nick, J. M. "Deep Tendon Reflexes: The what, why, where, & how of tapping." JOGNN 32.3 (2003): 297-306. ( 1/2003 - Present )
Deep tendon reflexes (DTRs) demonstrate the homeostasis between the cerebral cortex and the spinal cord. When these reflexes are disrupted, hyperreflexia (disease induced) or hyporeflexia/areflexia (drug induced) occurs. Although nurses perform DTR assessment regularly, it is difficult to incorporate theoretical principles in these assessments because of scant medical literature, a lack of nursing research, and time constraints in nursing programs. These conditions usually result in one-on-one training, causing reduced consistency. A comprehensive examination assists the clinician to apply theoretical principles, develop expert technique, and serve as a catalyst for clinical research.