Loma Linda University

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Sean Lee, DDS
Professor, Restorative Dentistry
School of Dentistry
Member, Research, SD, Faculty of Graduate Studies
Publications    Book Review - Scholarly Journals--Published
  • Meharry M, Lee S, Li Y. Quest for whiter Teeth-Trends and Traps. Loma Linda University Dentistry Summer/Autumn 2011. ( 9/2011 )
  • Book Reviewer for Publication: A Baby Named Jesus is Born. Author: Dr. Ann Stauble ISBN 978-1-4507-8748-2 ( 2/2011 - 8/2011 )
  •  Prevalence and Severity of Gingivitis in American Adults. Ameri J Dent 2010;23(1):913. ( 4/2010 )
  •  In Vitro Observation on Porosities or Voids Inclusion in Resin Composite Restorations. (Submitted for publication ) ( 9/2009 )
  • Plaque Removal Efficacy of Three Toothbrushes. J Dent Res 2009;87(Spec Iss B):2586. ( 7/2009 )
  • Comparison of Visual and Electronic Tooth Shade Measurement. Zhejiang med J 2009;31(1):39-44. ( 1/2009 )
  • Effects of Toothpaste With Fluoride on Enamel Remineralization of Extracted Teeth. Stomatol 2008;28(10):509-11. ( 9/2008 - 10/2008 )
  • Effect of Bleaching on Enamel Remineralization and Color Changes of Extracted Adolescent Teeth. J Med Res 2008;37(6):35-38. ( 6/2008 )
  •   In Vitro Antimicrobial Potential of 5 Chinese Herbal Toothpastes. Chin J Microecol 2007;19(4):351-54. ( 7/2007 )
  • Evaluation of Antimicrobial Potential of 14 Natural Herbal Dentifrices Using An In Vitro Diffusion method. J Ame Dent Assoc 2004;135. ( 7/2004 )
  • Chromameter Measurements of Varying Areas of Extracted Human Central Incisors. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):388. ( 3/2004 )
  • Clinical Evaluation of Four At Home Tooth Whitening Systems. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):390. ( 3/2004 )
  • Antimicrobial Potential of Breath Rx Mouthrinse Evaluated Using Log Reduction Assay. J Dent Res 2003(Spec Iss A):390. ( 7/2003 )
  Scholarly Journals--Submitted
  • Lee S, Meharry M, Li Y. A 36-Month Clinical Evaluation of a Self-Etching Bonding Agent: A Retrospective Perspective  (Submitted for Publication in the Journal of Adhesive dentistry in June, 2012). ( 2/2012 - 6/2012 )
  • Lee S, Li Y. Comparing Two In-Office Nonlight-Activated Tooth Whitening Systems: Case Reports (Submitted for Publication in the Dentistry Today in April, 2011). ( 9/2011 )
  • A 36-Month Clinical Evaluation of a Self-Etching Bonding Agent: A Retrospective Perspective  (Submitted for Publication in the Journal of Adhesive dentistry in July, 2011). ( 7/2011 )
  • Comparing Two In-Office Nonlight-Activated Tooth Whitening Systems: Case Reports ( 7/2010 )
  •  Prevalence and Severity of Gingivitis in American Adults. (Submitted for publication in JCD) ( 9/2009 )
  • The Influence facts of the Anterior Teeth Color measurements in vitro. (Submitted for publication in JDR ( 9/2009 )
  • Lee S, Meharry M, Li Y. A 48-Month Clinical Evaluation of a Self-Etching Bonding Agent: A Retrospective Perspective  (Submitted for Publication in the Journal of Adhesive dentistry in July, 2012). ( 7/2012 - Present )
  Scholarly Journals--Published
  • Lee SS, Li J, Yin W, Kazemi S, Stuart J. Tongue-coating Score Reproducibility in Five Different Tongue-coating Methods. IABR 2013 (Spec Iss ):44 ( 6/2013 - 7/2013 )
  •  LEE S, Meharry M, ARAMBULA M, Lee D, LI L. iBOND Self Etch and GLUMA , A 48-Month Clinical Evaluation. J Dent Res 2012;90(Spec Iss B ):706. ( 10/2011 - 6/2012 )
  •  KWON S. K,  LI Y,  APRECIO R. M, LEE S.S.  Dynamic Model of Hydrogen Peroxide Diffusion-Kinetics into the Pulp Cavity.  J Dent Res 2012;90(Spec Iss A ):150 ( 1/2012 - 4/2012 )
  • APRECIO R.M, LEE S. S, LI Y. Antimicrobial Potential of Two Essential Oils on Oral Bacteria.  J Dent Res 2012;90(Spec Iss A ):547 ( 1/2012 - 4/2012 )
  • LEE S. S,  APRECIO R. M, KWON S. R, ZHANG W. Antimicrobial Activities of Two Essential Oils, Myrrh and Camphor. J Dent Res 2012;90(Spec Iss A ):540 ( 1/2012 - 4/2012 )
  • LI Y, LEE S.S, ZHANG W, APRECIO R, ZUNT S.L.  Tissue Responses to Two Mini Dental Implants in Miniature Swine. J Dent Res 2012;90(Spec Iss ):351. ( 1/2012 - 4/2012 )
  • Li Y, Lee S, Stephens Joni. Comparison of the efficacy of Colgate Sensitive Pro-Relief toothpaste to Colgate Cavity Protection toothpaste In controlling supragingival calculus formation and gingivitis: A six month clinical study. Amer J D 2012;25(1):21-5. ( 7/2011 - 1/2012 )
  • Comparison of Clinical Efficacy of Three Toothpastes in Reducing Dentin Hypersensitivity. J Clin Dent 2011;22(4):1-8. ( 4/2011 )
  • Efficacy of Various Reservoir Depths on Toothwhitening in Primary Teeth. J Dent Res 2011;89(Spec Iss ):640. ( 3/2011 )
  • Whitening Effectiveness Comparison of Four Different Bleaching Tray Designs. J Dent Res 2011;89(Spec Iss ):366. ( 3/2011 )
  • Evaluation of Porosity in the Restorations of Light Cured Resin Composite. Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi 2010;45(1):39-43. ( 1/2011 )
  • Whitening Effectiveness Comparison of Four Different Bleaching Tray Designs. J Dent Res 2010;88(Spec Iss ):1975. ( 7/2010 )
  • Instant/Lasting Dentin Hypersensitivity Reduction Efficacy of Two Professionally-Applied Desensitizing Pastes. J Dent Res 2010;88(Spec Iss ):1869. ( 7/2010 )
  • iBOND Self Etch , A 24-Month Clinical Evaluation. J Dent Res 2010;88(Spec Iss ):690. ( 7/2010 )
  • Five-Year Clinical Evaluation of Tetric EvoCeram Restorations in Anterior Teeth. J Dent Res 2010;89(Spec Iss A):452. ( 3/2010 )
  • Identification of Microorganisms in Dental Plaques Using Checkerboard DNA-DNA Hybridization. J Dent Res 2010;89(Spec Iss A):366. ( 3/2010 )
  • Tongue-coating Score Variation in Different Tongue-coating Zones. J Dent Res 2010;89(Spec Iss A):277. ( 3/2010 )
  • iBOND Self Etch, A 24-Month Clinical Evaluation.  J Dent Res 2010;88(Spec Iss A):690. ( 3/2010 )
  • Comparison of Visual and Electronic Tooth Shade Measurement. Zhejiang med J 2009;31(1):39-44. ( 9/2009 )
  • Plaque Removal Efficacy of Three Toothbrushes. J Dent Res 2009;87(Spec Iss B):2586 ( 6/2009 )
  • Clinical Evaluation Ndurance Nano-dimer Conversion Technology Dental Composite. J Dent Res 2009;87(Spec Iss B):1006. ( 6/2009 )
  • A Six-month Clinical Evaluation of iBOND Self Etch. J Dent Res 2009;87(Spec Iss B):548. ( 6/2009 )
  • Effects of Toothpaste With Fluoride on Enamel Remineralization of Extracted Teeth. Stomatol 2008;28(10):509-11. ( 7/2008 )
  • Effect of Bleaching on Enamel Remineralization and Color Changes of Extracted Adolescent Teeth. J Med Res 2008;37(6):35-38. ( 7/2008 )
  • Antimicrobial Potential of two Oral Care Gels. J Dent Res 2008;87(Spec Iss A):940. ( 7/2008 )
  • In Vitro Evaluation of Air Bubbles Entrapped in Composite Restorations. J Dent Res 2008;87(Spec Iss B):1049. ( 7/2008 )
  • Dentin/pulp Biocompatibility of an Adhesive System for Silorane Restorative. J Dent Res 2008;87(Spec Iss B):1012. ( 7/2008 )
  • Clinical Evaluation of New Dental Adhesive in Posterior Composite Restorations. J Dent Res 2008;87(Spec Iss B):978. ( 7/2008 )
  • Effects of Home-Use Bleaching Gels on Enamel Gloss and Roughness. J Dent Res 2008;87(Spec Iss B):1029. ( 7/2008 )
  • Comparison of Visual Shade Guide Results to Colorimeter Data. J Dent Res 2008;87(Spec Iss A):1023. ( 6/2008 - 7/2008 )
  • Antiplaque/Antigingivitis efficacy and safety of a cetylpyridinium chloride/zinc gluconate  mucoadhesive gel. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry. June 2008;  29(5): 302-10 ( 6/2008 )
  • Effectiveness of Floss Versus Toothpick in Removing Supragingival Interproximal Plaque. J Dent Res 2008;87(Spec Iss B):2055. ( 3/2008 )
  • Effect of Bleaching Gel ACP or Fluoride on Enamel. J Dent Res 2008;87(Spec Iss B):1088. ( 3/2008 )
  • Evaluation of Sterilox for Controlling Microbial Biofilm Contamination of Dental Water. Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry. November 2007;28(11):586-92 ( 11/2007 )
  • SBS of Zirconia to Dentin via Esthetic Resin Cements. J Dent Res 2007;86(Spec Iss A):1569. ( 7/2007 )
  • SBS of Empress2 to Dentin via Esthetic Resin Cements. J Dent Res 2007;86(Spec Iss A):1570. ( 7/2007 )
  • Clinical Efficacy of A New Photodynamic Treatment for Periodontal Diseases. J Dent Res 2007;86(Spec Iss A):1196. ( 7/2007 )
  • Comparative Efficacy of Photodynamic Periodontal Treatment between Genders. J Dent Res 2007;86(Spec Iss A):1197. ( 7/2007 )
  • Recovery Rates of Periodontal Pockets Treated with Photodynamic  Disinfection. J Dent Res 2007;86(Spec Iss A):1199. ( 7/2007 )
  • Prevalence and Severity of Gingivitis in American Adults. J Dent Res 2007;86(Spec Iss A):2223. ( 7/2007 )
  • Effect of Three Essential Oils on Volatile Sulfur Compound Production in Phorphyromonas gingivalis. ISBOR 2007;26. ( 7/2007 )
  • Halitosis Update: A Review of Causes, Diagnoses, and Treatments. CDA J. 35. (2007): 259-268. ( 4/2007 )
    Up to 50 percent of the U.S. population reports that their own ?bad breath? has concerned them during some point in the course of their lifetime. Half of this group is indeed likely to have an ongoing sporadic or a chronic breath malodor problem. This report looks at the phenomenon of malodorous breath, which oddly persists in a society rife with scientific and medical advancements. Also reviewed are the primary causes, diagnoses, treatments and research frontiers.
  • Comparison of Tooth Shade Measurement by Visual and Colorimeter Assessment. J Dent Res 2006;85(Spec Iss B):0667. ( 7/2006 )
  • A Survey of Social Behavior related to Bad Breath. J Dent Res 2006;85(Spec Iss B):1191. ( 7/2006 )
  • Tooth Bleaching Efficacy and Age, Gender, Ethnicity and Smoking. J Dent Res 2006;85(Spec Iss B):2116. ( 7/2006 )
  • Correlation in Tooth Shade Determination between Visual and Colorimeter Measurement. J Dent Res 2006;85(Spec Iss B):2173. ( 7/2006 )
  • Effect of Light Treatment on In Vitro Tooth Bleaching Efficacy. J Dent Res 2006;85(Spec Iss A):0275. ( 3/2006 )
  • Antimicrobial Potential of Six Herbal Toothpastes in Four Oral Microbes. J Dent Res 2006;85(Spec Iss A):0577. ( 3/2006 )
  • Effect of Bleaching on Enamel Remineralization/Color of Extracted Adolescent Teeth. J Dent Res 2006;85(Spec Iss B):0618. ( 3/2006 )
  • Tooth Whitening in Children and. Pediatric Dentistry 2005.27(5): 362-368. ( 10/2005 )
    This manuscript summarizes the findings of a literature review on the use of peroxide-based tooth whitening agents in children and adolescents. Safety considerations including localized adverse effects and toxicological concerns are described. Oral findings include: (1) one in every two to three patients may experience tooth sensitivity and/or gingival irritation after bleaching treatment, which may be more traumatic an experience for children than adults; (2) depending on dose, duration, frequency and route, studies indicate excessive exposure to peroxide can be potentially harmful; (3) degree of potential toxicity and harmful outcomes increases in those who overuse whiteners?a concern in teenagers; (4) careful case selection using stringent criteria is suggested for primary teeth whitening; (5) whitening in healthy adolescents is a case-by-case determination that must include the weighing of risks (oral health and age) vs. benefits (improved esthetic perception). It is hoped that the present review will lead to a better understanding of the health implications of tooth whitening in children and adolescents, and provide guidance for treatment that provides satisfactory outcomes externally (enamel and gingiva) and internally (endodontic tissues and systemic health
  • Comparison of Oral Odor between Vegetarians and Non-Vegetarians. J Dent Res 2005;84(Spec Iss A):919. ( 7/2005 )
  • Sterilox on Controlling Microbial Contamination, Reducing Biofilms in Dental Waterlines. J Dent Res 2005;84(Spec Iss A):1033. ( 7/2005 )
  • Effect of Angle Deviation on X-Rite CIELAB Measurements of Vitapan Classical Shade. J Dent Res 2005;84(Spec Iss A):399. ( 7/2005 )
  • Tooth Whitening in Children and Adolescents: A literature Review. Pediatric Dentistry/AAPD 2005;27(5):362-8. ( 7/2005 )
  • Effect of Experimental Office Whitening Gel on Human Enamel. J Dent Res 2005;84(Spec Iss A):401. ( 7/2005 )
  • Comparative Tooth Whitening Efficacy of 18% Carbamide peroxide Liquid Whitening Gel Using Three Different Regimens. J Clin Dent  15/1-6/2004. (2004): 1-6. ( 12/2004 )
    abstract Objective: Recently, a novel paint on liquid whitening gel Colgate'' Simply White Clear Whitening Gel which contains 18% carbamide peroxide, has been developed as a self administered tooth bleaching system. The put pose of the present study was to determine the efficacy. and safety of this product listing alternate exaggerated or simplified treatment regimens. Methodology: This was a three week clinical trial using a parallel, double blind, stratified protocol with three different Instructions for application: 1) twice daily, no air drying, and 15 minutes without eating/drinking, 2) three times daily, 30 second air drying and 30 Minutes without eating/drinking; or 3) four times daily, 30 second air drying and 30 minutes without eating,/drinking One hundred and twenty (120) healthy volunteers were balanced into three equal groups based on gender, age and shade scores (A3 or darker). Clinical evaluations (shade guide, oral tissue health, gingival index and visual analog sensitivity score) were performed on each group at baseline and weekly for the next 21 days. At the conclusion of the study, a survey of the subjects'' opinion on their assigned product regimen was also conducted. Results: Subjects who used Colgate Simply White Clear Whitening Gel three and four times daily achieved the greatest improvement (5.88 ±1.53 shades, and 5.57 ± 1.54, respectively). However, these values were only about one shade better than the value observed for the more convenient, twice daily, "no dry" regimen (4.5 1 ± 1.77 shades), though they were statistically significant (p < 0.05). The result for the four times daily protocol was not statistically different from the three times group. Also, no statistical differences were detected between the groups concerning oral tissue health, gingival index or tooth sensitivity, and no adverse effects were observed or reported regardless of the regimen used. Surveys completed by the subjects showed that those who used the twice daily, "no dry" regimen found the product to be the easiest to use, the most comfortable and the most pleasant tasting. Conclusion: It can be concluded from the clinical data that three or four applications of Colgate Simply White Clear Whitening" Gel per day provided better efficacy. In addition, the use of the whitening gel twice daily, even without "dry time" and only 15 minutes without eating/drinking, yielded results that were comparable to previously reported results using the original on label direction. The potential additional benefit to the "simplified regimen" is that it was perceived to be the most convenient and comfortable. The use of Colgate Simply White Clear Whitening Gel up to four times daily for up to three weeks is also safe, and the tendency of'' abusing the product with more frequent daily use may be deterred by the inconvenience reported by the study subjects. J Clin Dent 2004
  • Evaluation of Antimicrobial Potential of 14 Natural Herbal Dentifrices Using an in vitro Diffusion Method.JADA 135. (2004): 1133-1141. ( 8/2004 )
    Abstract Background. Natural herbal products are being used by increasing numbers of Americans for general and oral health care. A number of these products, however, have undergone little rigorous testing as evidenced by the relatively few scientific studies found in the literature evaluating their safety and efficacy. This in vitro study evaluated the antimicrobial potential of 14 natural herbal dentifrices. Methods. A diffusion method was used to evaluate the antimicrobial effectiveness of 14 natural herbal dentifrices on three oral bacteria (Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis and Actinomyces viscosus) and one fungus (Candida albicans). A non-herbal dentifrice, Colgate Total, and sterile pyrogen-free water served as the positive and negative controls, respectively. The experiments were conducted in triplicate at full strength and at 1:1 dilution. The zones of inhibition were measured at 24 and 48 hours to evaluate the antimicrobial potential of the dentifrice. Results. Six of 14 herbal dentifrices evaluated were effective in inhibiting the growth of all four microorganisms tested. Colgate Total produced significant sizes of inhibiting zones for all four microorganisms, while no inhibiting effect was observed with the negative control. Six of the 14 herbal dentifrices produced larger inhibition zones than the positive control against A. viscosus. Six of 14 herbal dentifrices were inhibitory against C. albicans at full strength, but at 1:1 dilution, 11 of 14 had negligible effect on C. albicans. One dentifrice produced microbial growth around and over the samples, indicating possible microbial contamination of the toothpaste. One of the herbal dentifrices showed consistent antimicrobial activity against all four microorganisms. Conclusions. The variation in antimicrobial inhibition among the 14 herbal dentifrices tested indicates a need for more research to validate effectiveness claims of herbal oral health care products. Clinical Implications. This study, which investigated the antimicrobial potential of commonly available herbal dentifrices on the market, provides dental practitioners insight into the claims of antimicrobial effect of these herbal dentifrices in contrast to their detected antimicrobial effect.
  • A Clinical Study of Two Tooth-Whitening Products. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):2139. ( 7/2004 )
  • Comparison of Endotoxin Contamination in Dental Unit Waterlines. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):2248. ( 7/2004 )
  • L*, a* and b* Analysis of Vitapan 3D-Master Using Chromameter. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):392. ( 7/2004 )
  • Demographic Distribution of Participates Enrolled in Clinical Tooth Whitening Trials. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):676. ( 7/2004 )
  • Demographic Comparison of Visible and Desired Teeth to be Whitened. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):677. ( 7/2004 )
  • Correlation and Consistency in Evaluating Oral Odor. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):327. ( 3/2004 )
  • Comparison of Value Based Vitapan Classical Shade Ranking to Chromameter Measurements. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):386. ( 3/2004 )
  • Causes, diagnosis and treatment of halitosis. CDA 2003 ( 9/2003 )
    People have been concerned about ?bad breath,? or halitosis, for a long time. More than 2,000 years ago, Hippocrates suggested a rinse using herbs and wine be used to sweeten the unpleasant odors of the breath.1 While up to half of the adult population is estimated to be affected by real or perceived halitosis at some time or another,2,3 one-quarter may have this problem chronically to the extent that others have ?trouble enjoying their company.?3,4 These estimates are difficult to validate, however, as many who readily admit breath malodor have none, while those who deny experiencing any significant breath problems are actually suffering from it5 We?ve all known the latter type, and putting oneself in the place of one who unknowingly inflicts others feeds our social paranoia. Thus it is no surprise that over the decades, the public?s concerns over their own potential oral odors have not decreased, even while dental health has improved. These concerns continue to spawn ingenuity in the breath-freshening industry. For example, in 2002, Time magazine hailed Listerine?s PocketPaks?the first breath strips that dissolved on the tongue?as one of their ?Products of the Year,? along with breakthroughs such as the birth-control patch.6 Meanwhile, diagnostic devices, usually used in dental offices and research studies, are available to measure odor-producing chemical compounds in the breath. In the United States, estimates are that we spend $1 to $3 billion a year for gum, mints, and breath fresheners,7,8 and there?s no sign of the popularity of these products dissipating any time soon. The joke is on the consumer, however, when a product (e.g., Altoids, etc.) contains sugar, as this feeds bacteria, furthering odor-production just as the mintiness dissipates. Also, alcohol-containing rinses can dry out the mouth, re-establishing an odor problem soon after their fragrance is gone. One report claims that even sugarless gum has been shown to slightly increase the production of methyl mercaptan (smells of feces).9 So when over-the-counter (OTC) fresheners fail, it is not uncommon for some to consult with or at least mention it to a doctor of dental medicine or surgery. Dentists get lots of education about treating teeth, but could probably learn more about malodor. In 2001 one dental conference established some best practices regarding oral malodor evaluation.3 A few years later, the ADA Council on Scientific Affairs released its 2003 ADA Seal Acceptance Program Guidelines for Products Used in the Management of Oral Malodors, in which an example of a scale for odor assessment is found.10 These guidelines will protect the public by assuring that ADA Seal products that make malodor control claims will meet strict criteria by mid-2005. Yet, some dentists still complain that the profession has yet to agree upon a standard assessment of halitosis.11 Before the dust settles on assessment protocols or the which products will end up bearing the ADA Seal, diagnostic and treatment products will continue to make their way into dental offices and the Home Shopping Channel. Halitosis is on the American consumer?s radar so fluorimetric sensor-based instruments?among other types of clinical gizmos?may be at a dental office near you, or in your own, for volatile sulfur compound (VSC) diagnostic assistance.12 This review article summarizes some of the current literature on halitosis to provide an overview of etiology and treatment. Suggestions for management and prevention are provided, along with research frontiers in halitosis.
  • Comparison of Clinical Efficacy and Safety of Three Professional At Home Tooth Whitening Systems. Compendium 2003;24:357‑378. ( 8/2003 )
  • Microbial Contamination of Dental Operatory Water Bottles for DUWLs. J Dent Res 2003;82:0535. ( 7/2003 )
  • Efficacy of 30 and 60 Minute Bleaching with Rembrandt Sapphire Light. J Dent Res 2003;82:0894. ( 7/2003 )
  • Antimicrobial Potential of Herbal Toothpastes Evaluated Using Log Reduction Assay. J Dent Res 2003;82:1173 ( 7/2003 )
  • In Vitro Antimicrobial Potential of Fourteen Natural Herbal Dentifrices. J Dent Res 2002;81:2315. ( 3/2002 )
  • Super-oxidized Solution for Controlling Microbial Contamination and Reducing . Compendium 2011 ( 9/2001 )
  Scholarly Journals--Accepted
  • Comparison of Clinical Efficacy of Supragingival Plaque Removal and Gingivitis Reduction by Three Manual Toothbrushes (Submitted for publication in the Journal of Clinical Dentistry). ( 7/2009 - 9/2010 )
  • Ranking Comparison of Chromameter Measurements to Value Based Bioform Color Ordered Shade Guide. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):391. ( 7/2004 )
  • Clinical Evaluation of Secondary Benefits of a Tooth-Whitneing Technology. J Dent Res 2004;83(Spec Iss A):2134. ( 7/2004 )
  Books and Chapters
  • BREATH: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Oral Malodor.2nd edition. 2009 ( 6/2009 - 9/2009 )
  • BREATH: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Oral Malodor.2nd edition. 2009. ( 4/2006 - 9/2009 )
  • BREATH: Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment of Oral Malodor.1st edition 2007 ( 10/2007 - 5/2009 )
    This book presents, even though brief, an accumulation of knowledge in oral malodor from over the last 30 years.  It took the author over four years to culminate the  most information on the subject from its fundamental concepts to its latest practical knowledge in the field. The material presents the causes of the disease, oral malodor, various diagnostic methods and the essentials of the treatment process. This is an ideal resource for dentists, hygienists, medical and other health practitioners, and researchers alike. This is a practical guide which will satisfy the needs of clinicians in their daily management of patients. This book is a rare and vital ready reference on the topic.
  • Clinical Evaluation of New Dental Adhesive in Posterior Composite Restorations. Scientific information, Heraeus Kulzer GmbH, 13, 2008 ( 4/2008 - 6/2008 )
  • SBS of Zirconia to dentin via esthetic resin cements,J Dent Res2007;86(Spec Iss A):1569. ( 4/2007 )
  Non-Scholarly Journals
  • Greenfacts asb/vzx"Peer-review of the GreenFacts study on Tooth Whiteners." GreenFacts: 01 10 2007: ( 10/2007 )
  • GreenFact asb/vwx"Peer-review of the GreenFacts study on Tooth Whiteners." GreenFacts on health the environment 15 10 2006: 15 - 20 ( 10/2006 ) Link...
  • GreenFacts asb/vzw"Peer-review of the GreenFacts study on Tooth Whiteners." GreenFacts; 31 12 206 ( 6/2006 )